Fundamental of Computer & Information Technology
UNIT – I
Introduction to Computer and IT
Brief history of development of Computers. Computer System Concept, Computer System Characteristics, Capabilities and Limitations, Types of Computer-Analog, Digital, Hybrid, General, Special Purpose, Micro, Mini, Super. Generations of Computers. Types of PCL, Computer Organization and working, basic components of a computer System (Control Unit, ALU, Input/Output Functions and characteristic), Memory-RAM, ROM, EPROM, PROM and other types of Memory.
Types of PCL, Computer Organization and working, basic components of a computer System Control Unit, ALU, Input / Output Functions and characteristic, Memory-RAM, ROM, EPROM, PROM and other types of Memory.
Keyboard, Mouse, Trackball, Joystick, Digitalizing tablet, Scanners, Digita Camera, MICR, OCR, OMR, Bar-Code Reader, Voice Recognition, Light Pen,Touch Screen.
Characteristics and types of Monitors – Digital, Analog, Size, Resolution, Refresh Rate, Interlaced/Non-Interlaced, Dot Pitch, Video tandard- VGA, SVGA, XGA etc. Printers – Daisy Wheel, Dot Matrix, Inkjet, Laser, Line Printer, Plotter, Sound Card and Speakers.
UNIT – III
Storage Fundamentals – Primary Vs Secondary
Data Storage and Retrieval methods – Sequential, Direct and Index-Sequential. Various Storage Devices – Magnetic Tape, Magnetic Disks, Cartridge tape, data drives, hard disk drives, Floppy disk, Optical disk – CD, VCD, CR-R, CD-ROM, DVD.
Data Representation in Computers. Number System of Computers – Decimal, Binary, Octal, Hexa-Decimal Representation for their Conversion, Coding System – ASCII, BCD, EBCDIC etc. and Arithmetic of Number System.
UNIT – IV Computer Software
Need, Types of Software’s – System Software, Application Software. System Software – Operating System, utility Program, Programming languages, Assemblers, Compilers and Interpreter.
Operating System– Functions, Types-Batch, Single, Multiprogramming, and Multiprocessing. Programming Languages – Machine, Assembly, High level, 4GL their merits and demerits. Application Software – Word Processing, Spreadsheet, presentation Graphics, Data Base Management Software, Characteristics, uses and examples and area of application of each of them.
Virus working principals, Types of Viruses, Virus detection and Prevention, Virus detection and Prevention
UNIT – V
Data Communication and Networks
Analog & Digital Signals, Communication Process, Direction of Transmissions Flow-Simplex, Half – Duplex, Full Duplex. Communication Protocols. Communication Channels – Twisted, Coaxial, Fiber b optic, serial and Parallel Communication.
Modem – Working and Characteristics Types of N/W connections – Dialup, Leased Lines, ISDN Types of Network – LAN, WAN, MAN etc. Topologies of LAN – Ring, Bus, Star, and Mesh for tree Topologies. Component of LAN – Media, NIC, NOS, Bridges, HUB, Routers, Repeaters and Gateways.
(DOS, Windows, Linux)
UNIT- Disk Operating System (DOS)-
Introduction, History & version of DOS. DOS basics – physical structures of disk, drive, Name, FAT, File & Directory structure and Naming Rules, Booting Process, DOS System files.
DOS Commands: -
Internal – DIR, MD, CD, RD, COPY, DEL REN, VOL, DATE, TIME, CLS, PATH, TYPE etc.
External – CHKDSK, XCOPY, PRINT, DISK COPY, DISKCOMP, DOSKEY, TREE, MOVE, LABEL, APPEND, FORMAT, SORT, FDISK, BACKUP, EDIT, MODE, ATTRIB, HELP, SYS, WILD, CARD Characters etc. Executable V/S Non executable Files in DOS.
UNIT – II
Introduction to Windows and its features. Hardware requirements of Windows, Windows Structure, Desktop, Taskbar, Start Menu Programs, My Computer, Recycle bin, my documents. Windows Accessories – Calculators, Notepad, Paint, WordPad, Character Map, command Prompt. Windows Explorer – Exploring hard disk, coping and Moving files and folder from one drive to another, formatting floppy drive, and other explorer facilities.
Managing files and folders – Creating New folder, searching of files & folders, sharing into b/w, programs, Making Shortcuts of files, folders & application programs, Add and Remove Programs, OLE. Entertainment – CD Players, DVD Players, Media Players, Sound Recorder, Volume – Control.
System Tools –
Backup, Character Map, Disk Defragmenter, Scandisk, System information, Drive space, clipboard viewer, disk cleanup etc. Communication – Dial up Networking, Browsing the wet with Internet explorer. Multiple users Features of Windows – Creating and deleting user, changing user password etc.
History & Features of Linux, Linux Structure, File System of Linux, Hardware requirements of Linux, Various flavors of Linux, Program & Process. Process creation and process identifiers, Functions of profile and login files in Linux,Linux Kernel
UNIT – V
Multiprocessing feature of Linux,Login & Logout from Linux System.,Linux Commands – bc, cal, cat, cd, chgrp, chmod, chown, clear, cmp, copy, date, find, ps, kill, ls, mail, mkdir, more, mv, rm, rmdir, wc, who, whois, grep, write, telnet, pipeline, concpt.VI editor
(Word, Excel, PowerPoint)
UNIT- I MS-Word: -
Introduction to Word Processing, Introduction to MS - Word: Features, Creating, Saving, and opening Document in word, Toolbars, Rulers, Menus, keyboard shortcuts. Editing a Document- Moving, scrolling in a document, opening multi document windows, editing text – selecting, inserting, coping, deleting, moving text etc. Previewing documents, Printing documents. Formatting Documents: Paragraph formats, aligning text and paragraph, Borders & Shading, header & Footer, Auto formatting, Auto correct, Bullets, numbering, Templets & wizards.
UNIT – II
Advanced Features of MS-Word.
Spell check, Thesaurus, find & Replace, Inserting – page Numbers, pictures, files, Auto text, Symbols etc. Creation & working with tables, Document protection, Adding Graphics, mail merge, envelops & mailing labels. Macros etc.
Worksheet basics:Creating worksheet,entering data into worksheet,heading info,Data,text,dates,alphanumeric alues,saving & quitting from worksheet.Opening & Moving around in an existing worksheet,Toolbars and Menus, keyboard shortcuts, Working with Single and multiple workbooks – coping, renaming, moving, adding, and deleting, coping entries and moving between workbooks.
UNIT - IV
Working with formulas & cell referencing - Auto sum,Coping Formulas,Absolute & Relative addressing. Working with ranges – Creating, editing and selecting ranges. Formatting of Worksheet – Auto Format, Changing – alignment, Character Styles, Column width, date format, borders & colors, currency sign. Graphics and Charts – Using wizards, various chart type, Formatting grid lines & legends Previewing & printing worksheet – page setting, print tittles, adjustment Margins, page break, headers and footers. Functions – Date & Time, Math’s for Trigonometry, Statistical, Text and Logical functions, Database. Creating and using Macros. Database – Creation, Sorting, query & filtering a database. Multiple Worksheets – Concepts, Creating & using.
UNIT – V MS-PowerPoint: -
Creating a New Presentation, Working with Presentation, using wizards, Slides & its different views, Inserting, Deleting and copying of slides, Working with Notes, Handouts, Adding Graphics, Working with PowerPoint objects, Designing & presentation of a slide show, printing Presentations, Notes, Handouts with print options.
Internet & e-Commerce
UNIT – I INTERNET
Evolution, Protocols, Interface Concepts, Internet Vs Intranet, Growth of Internet, ISP, Connectivity – Dial – up, Reused Line., URLs, Domain names, Portals, Application, E-mail. Concepts, POP and WEB based E-mail, Merits, addresses, Basic of Sending & Receiving, E-mail protocols, Mailing list, Free E-mail Services.
Internet Protocols: -
Data Transmission Protocols, client/server Architecture & its Characteristics, FTP & its usages. Telnet Concept, Remote Logging, Protocols, Terminal Emulation, Message Board, Internet Chatting.
UNIT – II
WWW (World Wide Web)
History, Working, Web Browsers, its Functions, concept of search Engines, Searching the web, HTTP, URLs, Web server, Web Protocols.
Concepts, Domain name Registration, space on Host server for web site, HTML, Design Tools, HTML editors, Image editors, Issues in web site creation & maintenance, FTP S/W for upload web site.
UNIT – IV
Concepts of Hypertext, versions of HTML, Elements of HTML Syntax, Head & Body Sections, Building HTML Documents, Inserting texts, Images, Hyperlinks, Backgrounds and Color Controls, Different HTML Tags, Table Layout and Presentation, use of Font size & attributes, List types and its tags, use of Frames and forms in web pages.
UNIT – V
Introduction (Front Page-2000), HTML view, Tables, Properties. E - Commerce on introductions, concepts, Advantages and disadvantages, Technology in E - Commerce, Internet & E-Business, Application.
Oops & Programming in C++
Principles of Object-Oriented Programming: -Object-Oriented Programming Paradigm, Basic Concepts of Object-Oriented Programming, Benefits of OOPS, C++ Statements, class, Structure of C++ Program, Creating the source file, compiling and linking.
Tokens, Expression and Control Structures. Introduction, Tokens, Keywords, Identifiers, Basic Data types, User Defined Data Types, Derived Data Types, Symbolic Constants, Type Compatibility, Declaration of Variables, Dynamic initialization of Variables, Reference Variables, Operators in C++, Scope Resolution Operators, Member Differencing Operators, Manipulators, Type Cast Operator, Expression and Implicit Conversions, Operator Precedence, Control Structures, Structures, Functions, Arrays.
Classes and Objects
Specifying a class, Defining Member Functions, Making an outside Function Inline, Nesting of Member Functions, Private Member Function, Array within a class, Memory allocation for objects, Static Data Member, Static Member Functions, Array of Objects, Object as Function arguments.
Constructor and Destructors
Introduction, constructors, parameterized Constructors, Multiple constructors with Default Arguments, Dynamic Initialization of Objects, Copy Constructors, Dynamic Constructors, and Destructor.
Function in C++ The main Function, Function Prototyping, call by reference, Return by Reference, Inline Functions, Default Argument, Const. Arguments, Function Overloading, Friend and Virtual Function.
Inheritance: - Extending Classes Introduction, Defining Derived Classes, Single Inheritance, Making a Private Member. Inheritance, Multiple Inheritances, Multilevel Inheritance, Hierarchical Inheritance, Hybrid Inheritance. Pointers, Virtual Functions and Polymorphism Compile time Polymorphism, run time Polymorphism, Pointers to Objects, This Pointer, Pointers to Derived Classes, Virtual Functions, and Pure Virtual Functions.
• Exception Handling in C++.
• File Handling in C++.
• Graphics in C++.
System Analysis and Design
UNIT – I
The System Concept, Characteristics, Elements and Types of a system. The System Development life cycle, Considerations for candidate system, prototyping.The Role of System Analysis.
UNIT – II
System planning and initial investigation Information Gathering, information gathering tools.Structured Analysis, The tools of Structured analysis (DFD, Data dictionary, Decision tree and pseduo codes, Decision Tables.
System Performance definition, description of outputs, flexibility study cost/benefit analysis: Data Analysis, Cost/benefit analysis, The System Protocols.
The Process and Stage of System design: –
Design methodologies, Development activities, Input design, output design, Form design, types of forms, and basics of form design, Layout Considerations and forms control.
File Structures, File Organization, and Objectives of database, data structure.System Testing and Quality assurance, why System testing, what do we test for, the test plan quality assurance, trends in testing, role of data Processing auditor, Training and Documentation.
Implementing and S/W maintenance, Conversion, combating resistance to change, post implementation review, S/W maintenance, Hardware/Software selection and the computer contract, suppliers, procedure for hardware/software selection, financial considerations in selection, the computer contract system security, Disaster Recovery Planning.